|Between Two Walls: Modeling the Adsorption Behavior of β-Glucosidase A on Bare and SAM-Functionalized Gold Surfaces.
|Year of Publication
|Bourassin N, Barbault F, Baaden M, Sacquin-Mora S
|2022 Feb 01
The efficient immobilization of enzymes on surfaces remains a complex but central issue in the biomaterials field, which requires us to understand this process at the atomic level. Using a multiscale approach combining all-atom molecular dynamics and coarse-grain Brownian dynamics simulations, we investigated the adsorption behavior of β-glucosidase A (βGA) on bare and self-assembled monolayer (SAM)-functionalized gold surfaces. We monitored the enzyme position and orientation during the molecular dynamics (MD) trajectories and measured the contacts it forms with both surfaces. While the adsorption process has little impact on the protein conformation, it can nonetheless perturb its mechanical properties and catalytic activity. Our results show that compared to the SAM-functionalized surface, the adsorption of βGA on bare gold is more stable, but less specific, and more likely to disrupt the enzyme's function. This observation emphasizes the fact that the structural organization of proteins at the solid interface is a key point when designing devices based on enzyme immobilization, as one must find an acceptable stability-activity trade-off.