|Title||Lipid concentration and molar ratio boundaries for the use of isotropic bicelles.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2014|
|Authors||Beaugrand M\"ıwenn, Arnold AA, Hénin J, Warschawski DE, Williamson PTF, Marcotte I|
|Keywords||chemistry, Circular Dichroism, Detergents, Dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine, Fourier Transform Infrared, Light, Lipid Bilayers, Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy, Materials Testing, Micelles, Molecular Dynamics Simulation, Phospholipid Ethers, Phospholipids, Radiation, Scattering, Solutions, Spectroscopy, Temperature|
Bicelles are model membranes generally made of long-chain dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC) and short-chain dihexanoyl-PC (DHPC). They are extensively used in the study of membrane interactions and structure determination of membrane-associated peptides, since their composition and morphology mimic the widespread PC-rich natural eukaryotic membranes. At low DMPC/DHPC (q) molar ratios, fast-tumbling bicelles are formed in which the DMPC bilayer is stabilized by DHPC molecules in the high-curvature rim region. Experimental constraints imposed by techniques such as circular dichroism, dynamic light scattering, or microscopy may require the use of bicelles at high dilutions. Studies have shown that such conditions induce the formation of small aggregates and alter the lipid-to-detergent ratio of the bicelle assemblies. The objectives of this work were to determine the exact composition of those DMPC/DHPC isotropic bicelles and study the lipid miscibility. This was done using (31)P nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and exploring a wide range of lipid concentrations (2-400 mM) and q ratios (0.15-2). Our data demonstrate how dilution modifies the actual DMPC/DHPC molar ratio in the bicelles. Care must be taken for samples with a total lipid concentration 1. Boundaries are presented within which control of the bicelles’ q ratio is possible. This work, thus, intends to guide the choice of q ratio and total phospholipid concentration when using isotropic bicelles.